Your Questions About Ways To Conserve Water

William asks…

What are some ways to conserve water in a changing environment on a ranch?

I need ways to conserve water on a ranch.
(Given the geography and climate of the Blue Mountains, come up with strategies to preserve water when the climate is getting hotter and drier.)

admin answers:

a couple of points that may interest you on sustainable farming and water conservation

,dig small dams every where to cath the rain water, and you can archieve that all of the rain water is absorbed by the land ,it will seep slowly into the ground to add to subteranean water suplies ,make sure that all the dams are interconnected by slow gradient ditches .just because you dont see water ,does not mean that it is not there .
Normally a land repels water and with the rains it runs over ground into the rivers and awy.
Think now that you want to make the land receptive or absorbent of all the water that falls on it.

cut down the weeds before they produce seeds and leave them where they fall,they will cover the ground and put even more organic matter on top,you can use saw dust,leaves green or dry,and when you plant make a little space and plant in the mulch.this is the easiest quickest and by far most benificial way(for the quality of you soul)to prepare the land for planting

to prevent weeds from coming all you have to do it turn out the lights,you can even use cardboard or black plastic(this is good for strawberries because they will rot if they touch humid ground,and the bugs can get to them).

What you do is to cover the ground with mulch which is the same principal as compost but it includes the whole garden surface
the top part of the soil where the topsoil is being produced houses a world or microbiotic life.

Mulch is organic material green or dry that covers the ground,the thicker the better the composting process will turn it in to black topsoil

the humidity is preserved underneath and promotes the devellopment of worms(their exists no better compost than their excrements)and a variety of micro biotic life which together with the mulch produce more topsoil.

The mulch also keeps the ground temperature even and guards against the impact of the rain ,which would other wise brings salt to the surfave if on unprotected land

Mulch also prevents the soil from drying out because of the sun and, lay it open to wind erosian.

And it turn out the lights for any weeds that want to come up
do not use chemicals because the water will wash them into the ground and if enough people did that, you would be guilty of helping to contaminate subteranean water suplies that other people could be pumping up to drink

the best examples on this Earth of sustainable agriculture,
are the chinampas of central Mexico ,the surviving ones(that have not been consumed by urban devellopment)have been going for more than 800 years ,that is sustainability.
The are built from the mud of the lakes and enriched with compost ,in the old days with the toilet contents of the outhouses that were on the bridges going into town,which the indians collected with a canoo.

Another example are the traced gardens of the Inca which have been going for more than a thousand years,there success is also because of the principle of using compost and their form which id a receptive concave absorb the rain waters and collect the dust from the wind (for hundreds of years and so increase in quality instead of the oposite.
In the Ukraine are also examples of ancient agriculture due to no till farming and mulching(green organic matter that is added)

in Mexico today are still examples from old Indian agricultural practises of diversity or companion planting.
Where by a series of 7 or 8 species of plants are put together or one folows the create biodiversity ,and utilisation of space.
Corn is planted for example ,wich is followed 4 weeks later by a bean that climbs it.
And agavi and edible cactus is on the sides to protect these plants from foraging animals and add chemicals to the soil by their secretions.and others are in between to provide groundcover

there are many forms of sustainable farming in the past,and today those who follow the principles of permaculture,no till farming,organic or sustainable farming are the new generation of agriculturists who have seen the light.

Many farmers who live with the results of their bad agricultural practises are now eager to join the ranks.
And their work cqn be seen in Vietnam,Australia,America,rare cases in Mexico,Africa,Europe.etc.

I sell the idea of permaculture,which means getting along with nature as an associate rather as conquest,
i talk to a lot of agronomic engineers,farmers,school kids and rural comunities and most of my life i have been develloping people grounds to make them ,self sustainable and self suficient,which means using the land in such a way that it improves with time,and that it produces as many of the needs as is possible,for the people who ocupy it.and i design parks or make gardens

the designers manual by Bil Mollison cost about 40 dollars.
And is the best all round book you can get.(tagiari publishing)

Permaculture means permanent agriculture
a concept put forward by Bill Mollisson in the 60`s
which is a complete hand book for environmental design.
For those who seek an ambiotic relationship with our planet
With practical solutions for energy systems ,infratructure ,housing,
animal shelter ,water systems and sustainable agricultural practises.
With the world and it`s history as it`s source
From the chinampas of Mexico to the teraced gardens of the Andes.
From the dessert whadis to the steppes of Russia.
Covering all climatic conditions temporal, dessert, humid and dry tropics.
With chapters on soil ,Water harvesting and land design,
Earth working ,Spirals in nature,Trees and water ,utilising energy flows,
Strategy for an alternative nation

this book also has many gardening tips,bio-gas,companion planting and ideas for structures ,how to cool down houses in hot climates ,how to warm up houses in cold climates with out using technology but rather by design.

Always aiming at autosuficiency and sustainability .
This can all be found in the designers manual by Bill Mollisson

Collectively portraying an ancient and natural philosiphy
With the Laws of Nature as its base
coupled to the present day level of scientific knowledge.

Permaculture is well known and you can find many references on the web.
There is a University of Permaculture in Australia

and poverty is not the target but quality of life is
and since permaculture is extremly compact form of growing things.utilising all space and utilising all resource ,it is productive and economic.

Some other writers that are on the internet are
david Holmgren
Larry Santoyo
Kirk Hanson

Masanobu Fukuaka has written ,
One-Straw Revolution
The Road Back to Nature
The Natural Way of Farming…

Simon Henderson
and Bill Molisson.

A representitive of the concept in USA is
Dan Hemenway at [email protected]

I am a permaculture consultant for the department of Ecology for the regional government of Guerrero in Mexico

Lizzie asks…

What are some cultural-specific ways to conserve water?

What are some cultural-specific ways to conserve water? Could you talk about your own family’s practices regarding water conservation? If you are an international student, you can reflect back on your country’s norms about water conservation.

Looking for specific/different cultures-Is it important to some cultures more than others? Pustuns, Arabs, Persians, Asians- Desi, Orientals, Africans? Native Americans?

Thanks in advance. I have a presentation to do for my school final.

Thanks in advance…

admin answers:

Culture and ethnicity have nothing to do with conservation.
Anyone, pink, green or purple, can save water. Shut it off while brushing teeth or washing up at the sink. Shut if off while doing dishes. Do NOT water lawns. This is the biggest waste. Grass goes dormant during droughts, it will come back when rain eventually falls. It is vanity to have a perfect green lawn, and a horrible waste of water for something decorative when the nation’s water supplies are dwindling away. Take short showers, get in get washed, wash the hair, get out. Simple, keep it to 10 to 12 minutes.
Water left over in bottles, can be used to water plants and flowers inside and out, or shared with a pet. Do not dump water down the sink. If you take a glass of water finish it or take half next time, you can always get more if you need it.
That’s it…pretty simple.

Maria asks…

5 easy ways to conserve water or help the ocean?

im working on a project for my ocean science class and im going to illustrate a childrens book. the topic is either “5 easy ways to conserve water” or “5 easy ways to help the ocean”. what 5 tips (for which ever topic….) do you have thats fairly easy to illustrate and explain with few words to children? also easy to do for children…thanks!

ps: do you think it would be better as a fully illustrated book or a coloring book?

admin answers:

1) Don’t let it run. We have all developed the bad habit of letting the faucet run while we brush our teeth or wait for a cold glass of water. Keeping a pitcher of water in the refrigerator or turning the faucet off while we brush our teeth can save several gallons of water each day!

2)Teach your community. Just as it is important to conserve water in your own home, it is important to help our towns and cities save water by teaching others to use water wisely.

3)Wash only full loads in both the dishwasher and washing machine, or set the water levels to accommodate smaller loads.

4) Fix dripping taps and leaking toilets.

5) Close the hose. Letting the garden hose run faster or longer than necessary while we water the lawn or wash the car often becomes a careless and wasteful habit.

A coloring book would be much easier to understand for children.

Good luck!!!!

Lisa asks…

What are five different ways we can conserve water?

What are five different ways a person can conserve water in their home, and five other ways a community, country, or the world can conserve water?

admin answers:

1. Wipe yourself clean with a washcloth from a washbasin instead of showering.

2. Buy news clothes instead of washing them.

3. Use paper plates and plastic silverware to eliminate dish-washing.

4. Don’t water your lawn.

5. Don’t drink more water than you need.
To function properly, the body requires between one and seven liters of water per day to avoid dehydration; the precise amount depends on the level of activity, temperature, humidity, and other factors.[citation needed] With physical exertion and heat exposure, water loss will increase and daily fluid needs may increase as well.

It is not clear how much water intake is needed by healthy people, although some experts assert that 8–10 glasses of water (approximately 2 liters) daily is the minimum to maintain proper hydration.[

Sandra asks…

ways to conserve water?

i need to find easy ways to conserve water…like not letting the water run while brushing your teeth.

admin answers:

When I was a kid, we had a very limited water supply. Here were some rules in the house.
1) Showering – get all wet, turn of water, lather up, turn water back on for quick rinse…and OUT;
2) No toilet flushing for “#1” – only “#2”.
3) Use the same soapy water for washing dishes all day. (No dishwasher)
4) To cut down on dishes to be done, use paper plates and disposable plastic ware (can be recyled plastic)
5) Same tooth brushing policy you named.
6) Only run washing machine when a full load can be run.

Outside of the house –
1) No lawn
2) xeriscape plants (native types, can survive without watering between rains and rainy season, once established)
3) NEVER wash down driveway with a hose.
4) Gray-water use on plants (requires use of special kind of soap, dishwashing liquid, and laundry soap that will not harm any shrubs or trees)
5) Wash cars with spray valve that can be turned off at the handle (actually, a car only needs to be washed a couple of times a year – a good wax job, a car cover, and a dry washing cloth or duster can keep the car looking very well).

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