Your Questions About Water Conservation Methods In School

Mandy asks…

How is your area helping you reduce your eco-footprint?

PARENTS: Quick survey – How is your area helping you reduce your eco-footprints?

Ok – few quick questions really simple
I just need to know where you are from (be as specific as you’re comfortable but ideally I need to at least know your city, town or borough -and if you’re not from the UK please tell me your country)

What is your your area doing to help you reduce your carbon footprint? For example, in London there’s the congestion charge, bike scheme, recycling etc.
Do you use these facilities?

admin answers:

I’m in Roseville, CA USA. We actually have double benefits. CA has some of the best environmental laws and best incentives to increase efficiency in water and electricity. My city specifically has a sustainability council that looks for ways to educate the public and increase services. I work at an environmental learning center that is run by the city. We partner with all the utilities to teach the public about proper use and programs that we have to increase efficiency or conserve. We also teach school programs in 3 areas, Energy efficiency, water conservation and solid waste reduction. We partner with our master gardeners to teach people who to put in water wise gardens, use organic gardening methods, use CA native plants, compost and more. We partner with local farmers to provide a farmers market. There are so many programs I couldn’t even try to list them all.

Chris asks…

How can i become a wildlife officer?

I am only a 14 year old girl but i am interested in becoming a wildlife officer, and helping all animals against poachers and all that. I was wondering how many years does it take in college to become one? What courses would i need? And how much money would i make a year if i did this job? Any information about it would be awesome! Thanks!

admin answers:

Being a wildlife officer is a high calling: its a demanding job, but can be extremely rewarding. Here is a little summary of duties and qualifications for Ohio that i found, but i imagine it is very similar in most states:

Fish and Wildlife Management

Wildlife officers are required to have a working knowledge of current fish and wildlife management projects and be able to give advice and hands-on help when needed. They are often called upon when wild animals pose problems in populated areas, such as bear or deer, or when technical expertise is needed in dealing with a variety of situations. Other activities may include collecting information and samples by surveys, bag checks, censuses, and specimens. Wildlife officers often work directly with fish and wildlife biologists on a variety of projects.

Information and Education

Wildlife officers are frequently asked to speak at public functions in the community and around the state. Keeping the public informed of current wildlife activities and programs is a very important responsibility of the wildlife officer. Officers are available to help with classes, workshops, field trips or other events related to outdoor education, law enforcement, fishing, hunting, trapping, wildlife identification, and conservation-related topics in their area of assignment. They actively work together with Division of Wildlife communications specialists and education staff.
Minimum Class Qualifications for Employment

Applicants must be 21 years of age upon successful completion of peace officer training
Applicants must possess a valid driver’s license
Applicants must have a minimum of an Associates Degree or competed the undergraduate core course work in wildlife, fisheries or natural resources management, environmental science, biology, criminal justice, law enforcement or related fields
Applicants must successfully complete an intensive background investigation
Applicants must pass a drug screening, psychological and physical exams, and polygraph test
Applicants must be able to successfully meet physical fitness and swim standards that include upper body and core strength, aerobic exercise, distance running, swimming, and treading water
An interest in hunting, fishing, boating, wildlife conservation, and other outdoor recreation is helpful

Essential Knowledge, Abilities, & Skills

A college education is necessary for the wildlife officer position. There are particular major fields of study that are acceptable. Other knowledge and experience that may benefit the applicant include agricultural, forestry, public speaking, and writing experience. Knowledge of the life histories, habitat, and conservation practices for fish and wildlife species common to Ohio is highly desirable. It is also helpful to have a thorough understanding of the methods used in hunting, fishing, and trapping, and the tools employed. The ability to develop and maintain working relationships with local law enforcement agencies and to work with conservation groups is essential. An applicant must be able to write and prepare records and reports clearly and work independently with limited supervision. Experience in using and maintaining firearms, boats, four-wheel drive trucks, and ATVs is helpful.

SO, if you want to become a wildlife officer, i’d recommend:

1) Study hard, take sciences in high school, get good marks so you can get into a good university.
2) Get, and stay physically fit.
3) Learn something about boats, firearms, off-road vehicles and such.
4) Keep your record clean – don’t get in trouble with the law. Yes, juvenile records are sealed when you reach 18, but why take any chances?
5) Do some public speaking if you can. Become comfortable dealing with people in general. If you have any shyness, overcome it.
6) Develop an active interest in nature, and learn about the animals and plants of your area.

I hope you do it: you sound eager and intelligent: just the kind of folks Wildlife services need!!!

John asks…

How can Farming take place in a Environmental Friendly manor?

In a way in which involves Sustainability and Conservation!
thanks,

admin answers:

There are two schools of thought on this subject. Mainstream farming tries to get the most food possible out of every farmed acre of land. This leaves as much land leftover as possible for nature reserves, parks, grassland etc and feeds the growing population without having to start farming more and more marginal lands stressing the soil and water supply, and what not. This technique however involves a lot of chemicals, herbicides and pesticides and petroleum derived fertilizer and anhydrous ammonia, and large diesel powered machines, and genetically altered crops and irrigation, and large tracts of monoculture cropland being farmed by fewer and fewer individuals. Proponents of this school will tell you that they are growing more food on less land with fewer chemicals than ever before, and they are right.

The other school of thought is the organic, local, farmers market where smaller farms grow food without the chemicals and the genetically altered species or the 12 row million dollar piece of harvesting equipment. The upside is probably more variety, fewer links between producer and consumer, less pollutant from agricultural chemicals, no concerns about unintended consequences from the use of genetically altered species. The downside is that it is very very land and labor intensive. Three or four times as many acres might have to be farmed to get the same amount of food versus the more ‘modern’ methods. This along with the fact that it’s more labor intensive to do it the latter way makes food more expensive.

My solution would be to get rid of the American lawn. Lawns are just mini version of the first type of farming with chemicals and machines, and exotic non-native grass species. And it takes of lots of land and produces NO food. Grow something useful, or at least something less destructive on your little patch of the world than Kentucky Blue Grass.

Also keep in mind food labeled organic just means the producer followed the letter of the law and not necessarily the spirit. A chemical laden genetically modified apple is still probably better for the environment than an Organic frozen dinner.

James asks…

Good (and high-paying) jobs dealing with environmental conservation?

Following this summer i will officially begin my senior year of high school. As such, i have recently started looking for a job that would both hold interest for me as well as provide a nice salary. I was wondering if there were any jobs out there that are high paying as well as deal with conserving the environment, something i feel very passionate about. I am also planning on attending a four year university after high school, so what classes should i take at college to help me towards such a career?

admin answers:

Most land grant universities will have degrees in land management, restoration, conservation and forestry. Environmental engineering is a good choice too. I’m almost done with my degree in Restoration Ecology. If you go down the track of land management (or reclamation, restoration, conservation etc.) and are mostly concerned about the pay check, you may want to pursue a Master’s degree. The job I am looking at starts off (with a bachelor’s degree) around $35,000/year. Get a Master’s degree and you will get more money. Most of the jobs in the environmental field are federal jobs (at least in the US, not sure where you are), they are low paying but offer lots of benefits. Private industry jobs in the environment generally pay more, but have less benefits.

Heads up, if you are doing land management, which is the most common (deals with managing different types of ecosystems sustainably), make sure you are good at math (particularly statistics), writing 20+ page reports, know your plants (professors are very anal about this, definitely don’t mix up your Oak species. I know haha.), make sure you have an interest in biology, you will learn a bit about soils, plant pathology and ecology. You will also take classes that pertain to management, that is, what to do under certain circumstances, effective methods of carrying out your objective, money (huge problem in the environmental field. Bright ideas that cost way too much money) and how plants, soils and the surrounding environment can make your goal achievable.

Not pointing out negatives, just want to inform you it can be a difficult degree to pursue at times. It is a mix of a math major, science major, geology major, ecology major and horticulture major wrapped up into one. I personally love it. You have to think creatively in each class you take. Not much of it is straight forward. If you’re good at being creative, then you will definitely love pursuing conservation ecology.

As for classes (names are different at each university), these will be common for your career path:

Ecology
Biology
Chemistry (possibly Organic Chemistry)
Statistics
Math Analysis
Vegetation Inventory and Analysis (fancy way of saying “we are going out, making plots and using statistics to see what the forage production of various grass species are in this plot of land!”)
Forest Ecology
Silviculture
Geographic Information Systems classes
Vegetation Manipulation (basically brush management)
Ecological Restoration
Plant Pathology
Geography and Geology
Soil Science (chemistry and biology of soils. Very interesting class)
Watershed Management (a watershed is the point where water drains into one point like a river. Very important class. Effective watershed management is how we are able to have a steady supply of water and such)

Those are just a few. You should research the university you are wanting to go.
Best career path out there!

Helen asks…

i need articles on environmental waste and its disadvantages for a school project!?

plz send me some articles on the question i asked but only for a school level project you can even give me good sites to find it!plz help!thnx!

admin answers:

Solid Waste Management
The humans have, ever since their inception on this planet used its resources to support life and in bargain produced waste. In early days the disposal of human and other wastes did not pose significant problems as the population was very small and the area of land available for the assimilation of such wastes was large. However, today, rapid population growth and uncontrolled industrial development are seriously degrading the urban and semi-urban environment in many of the world’s developing countries, placing enormous strain on natural resources and undermining efficient and sustainable development.

WHAT IS SOLID WASTE?
Any solid material in the material flow pattern that is rejected by society is called solid waste. Solid wastes arise from human and animal activities that are normally discarded as useless or unwanted. In other words, solid wastes may be defined as the organic and inorganic waste materials produced by various activities of the society and which have lost their value to the first user. As the result of rapid increase in production and consumption, urban society rejects and generates solid material regularly which leads to considerable increase in the volume of waste generated from several sources such as, domestic wastes, commercial wastes, institutional wastes and industrial wastes of most diverse categories. Wastes that arise from a typical urban society comprises of garbage rubbish (package materials), construction and demolition wastes, leaf litter, hazardous wastes, etc.

WHAT IS SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT?
Management of solid waste may be defined as that discipline associated with the control of generation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing, and disposal of solid wastes in a manner that is in accord with the best principles of public health, economics, engineering, conservation, aesthetics, and other environmental considerations. In its scope, solid waste management includes all administrative, financial, legal, planning, and engineering functions involved in the whole spectrum of solutions to problems of solid wastes thrust upon the community by its inhabitants.

WASTE DISPOSAL OPTIONS
Recycling & Reuse
The processes, by which materials otherwise destined for disposal are collected, reprocessed or remanufactured and are reused. The separation for recycling takes place at households, community bins, open dumps and even in final disposal yards.

Non-engineered disposal
This is the most common method of disposal in low-income countries, which have no control, or with only slight or moderate controls. They tend to remain for longer time and environmental degradation could be high, include mosquito, rodent and fly breeding, air, and water pollution, and degrading of the land.

Sanitary landfilling
Sanitary landfill is a fully engineered disposal option, which avoids harmful effects of uncontrolled dumping by spreading, compacting and covering the wasteland that has been carefully engineered before use. Through proper site selection, preparation and management, operators can minimize the effects of leachates (polluted water which flows from a landfill) and gas production both in the present and in the future. This option is suitable when the land is available at an affordable price. Human and technical resources available are to operate and manage the site.

Biogas
Biogas contains approximately 60:40 mixture of methane (CH4), and carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by the anaerobic fermentation of cellulose biomass materials – simultaneously generating an enriched sludge fertilizer – with an energy content of 22.5 MJ/m3, clean gaseous fuel for cooking, for running engines for shaft and electrical power generation with little or no pollution.

Composting
Composting is a biological process of decomposition carried out under controlled conditions of ventilation, temperature, moisture and organisms in the waste themselves that convert waste into humus-like material by acting on the organic portion of the solid waste. If carried out effectively, the final product is stable, odor-free, does not attract flies and is a good soil conditioner. Composting is considered when biodegradable waste is available in considerable fraction in the waste stream and there is use or market for compost. Centralized composting plant for sector may only be undertaken if adequate skilled manpower and equipment are available, hence at household level and small level composting practices could be effective which needs the people’s awareness.

Incineration
Incineration is the controlled burning of waste in a purpose built facility. The process sterilizes and stabilizes the waste. For most wastes, it will reduce its volume to less than a quarter of the original. Most of the combustible material is converted into carbon dioxide and ash. An extensive sample program conducted in India (Bhide and Sundaresan, 1984) reveals that most of the waste had a calorifi

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