water conservation in 20th century europe and california websites?
I’m doing a research paper, and I need some websites or information if you have any?
the prompt is: explain how the Europeans improved and conserved water in the 20th century. Explain the similarities and differences between the methods Europeans used to improve and conserve water and the methods used to improve and conserve in California today. Draw conclusions about how water consumers might be affected if 20th century European water usage was applied to the use of water in modern day California.
I found some articles already in Thomson Gale and Ebsco, but I can not look for other articles in those websites in my home, only in school. If you have any useful websites please tell me.
Where in Europe ? And when ?
The Moors where into water harvesting in the past ,much more than modern society is today although remnants of this concept remain with the Spanish and Portugeese ,
modern Europe was much less sophisticated than ancient Europe and North Africa ,
the only concept alive in California is the water harvesting of Permaculture ,
here is a general consensus about WATER its distribution ,harvesting ,eficient use ,and draw you own conclusions
Why should we all be responsible for saving water?
Because there is so little that we can use
25% of the planets surface is land
75%of the surface is water and it is rising
97%of the Earths water is salt
fresh water is only 3% of all the Earths water
most of it is beyond out reach
now much ice is melting and running into the seas fresh water lost for ever.
STORAGE or Location of % of the fresh water
ice and glaziers 74%
groundwater 800 meters + 13.5 %
groundwater less than 800meters 11.o%
Atmospheric in circulation 0.0035%
frozen land or permafrost is not included and represent an unavailable storage of 40%
so of the 3% about 11.6 ,is easily available to us ,in rivers, lakes and ground water surface aquifers,more and more of this is becoming contaminated
EFFICIENT WATER USE
IN THE HOUSE
one can connect the sink straight to the toilet sistern and so use the water twice ,first to have a shave and then to flush the toilet
also if you bend the ball valve you can regulate the level of the sistern
and always have your grey water and black water seperate
so that the sink and shower water goes directly into the garden saving on irregation and at the same time ,making the sewage smaller and easier to deal with ,this also goes and iregates the garden but via a sitern of two compartments and a french drain ,on which you plant trees,
ON THE LAND
economic systems of irregation like drip irregation
and design using a lot of stone walls ,that condense water in the night
and planting leafy plants for the same purpose
building wind breaks ,to counter act the drying effects of the wind and farm towards agro forestal ,using as many trees as posible to limit evaporation .using shade nets before we have tree cover
and use MULCH
by cutting down the weeds before they produce seeds and leave them where they fall,they will cover the ground and put even more organic matter on top,you can use saw dust,leaves green or dry,and when you plant make a little space and plant in the mulch.this is the easiest quickest and by far most benificial way(for the quality of you soil)to prepare the land for planting
to prevent weeds from coming all you have to do it turn out the lights,you can even use cardboard or black plastic(this is good for strawberries because they will rot if they touch humid ground,and the bugs can get to them).
Mulch is the same principal as compost but it includes the whole garden surface
the top part of the soil where the topsoil is being produced houses a world or microbiotic life.
Mulch is organic material green or dry that covers the ground,the thicker the better the composting process will turn it in to black topsoil
the humidity is preserved underneath and promotes the devellopment of worms(their exists no better compost than their excrements)and a variety of micro biotic life which together with the mulch produce more topsoil.
The mulch also keeps the ground temperature even and guards against the impact of the rain ,which would other wise brings salt to the surfave if on unprotected land
Mulch also prevents the soil from drying out because of the sun and,
the natural way of nature is to evaporate moisture for clouds and this gets blown to places with less water any way ,what obstruct the clouds from getting to deserts ,tend to be mountains that are in the way,
but generally speaking ,the normal weather patterns spread rain evenly over the planet to balance out the temperatures and humidity.
As far as catching rain is concerned ,we do this all the time ,and have done so already since Babylonian times,and is a part of the more advanced Agriculture,that existed with the Egyptians,Central ,and south American indigenous peoples,and many others ,today we call this water harvesting.
In Permaculture the rule is to harvest water to the point of Zero runoff.
This means that all of the rain that falls on an area is absorbed by the terrain and not a drop leaves it.
By building dams,ponds or swales, with interconecting ditches,
if there are enough of these ;the places ,where before the rain water ran over the ground into the rivers and on to the sea ,(in a matter of hours or days),It now runs into absorbant dams or swales and saturates the ground and eventually reaches subteranean water deposits ,taking many months to do so.
Or it fills up ponds that can be used for Aquaculture.
And so a convex situation that repels water is transformed in a concave ,absorbant one and turning the area in to a sponge.
In Spain and Portugal ,which still display many examples of the conquering Moorish influence,One can find many remnants of Waterharvesting,such as aquaducts and tanks underneath the patios ,which collect the rain water from the roofs ,to be used in dryer times.
In Arabia ,on a large scale ,land has been shaped to catch and lead,rain water into sandy areas or to agricultural lands.sand is almost as good as dams because it absorbs water and holds it.
To find out more about Water harvesting I recomend:
the designers manual by Bil Mollison,which cost about 40 dollars.
And is the best all round book you can get.(tagiari publishing, [email protected])
some other writers that are on the internet are
Masanobu Fukuaka has written ,
The Road Back to Nature
The Natural Way of Farming
and Bill Molisson.
I am a permaculture consultant for the department of Ecology for the regional government of Guerrero in Mexico
how will water conservation be different in 35 years? (:?
my class is working on a newspaper article about energy type things. this newspapper will be in 2045, im doing water conservation so make up things, use facts just something about how it can be different in 35 years. THANKS
Avoiding source contamination, wasteful use such as the 5-gallon flush, and more careful cleanup of water that gets contaminated are gong to be major components of water use strategies. Arguments against “sewer to tap” will fail in the face of need for clean water from whatever source is available.
Water conservation? :):):):):):):):):P?
I need legit articles about how to conserve water and like how much water is being wasted and how it’s being wasted and contaminated.
If you can find me some good articles about that i will choose you as the best answer.
I have to write a paper about it, and i have articles already but they’re not what i need.
What are hotels and other popular businesses doing to save water and go green?
All I know is that some hotels and motels are leaving signs for example on the bed that reads something like, ‘If you would like us to wash your sheets please say so *insert fact about water conservation here.*’
So any hotels, motels, businesses, gyms, restaurants, and other stuff like that, that you know of that is saving water, in someway or another? Please if you can, cite your work and if its not an online article, give me the name of the book or whatever you used. I just need something to push me in the right direction. Thanks!
Realistically, they aren’t really doing it to save water, they are doing it to save money. The fewer sheets and towels they have to wash, the less they pay in laundry costs, labor, etc.
Saving water is just a fortunate side effect and gives guests an incentive to go along with it.
I need to find an simple article to summarize about: any vertebrate’s physiological ecology/ behavior?
(e.g thermoregulation, water conservation, energy balance, respiration, dormancy, hibernation). Most of the ones i have found have alot of statistical data; of which i am clueless ;-(
Any links to articles …please help me ! 😉
Search in http://scholar.google.com
Powered by Yahoo! Answers